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The Chilean economy has been recognized as the most competitive of
Latin America. In general, Chile has been characterized by political and
economic stability and relatively low levels of corruption and offers one of
the most advanced physical infrastructure systems in the region. The potential
and proven track record of this economy has led to Chile’s recent
accession to the OECD as its 31st member and its first member in South
America. Not surprisingly, Chile is often a case study in economic development.
The question is whether its model will show the power of entrepreneurship as an
engine for prosperity?
Like many developing countries, Bolivia has a nascent, but promising
entrepreneurial environment. The country has a good number of
institutions that offer financial and technical services that network
the country’s millions of micro-entrepreneurs. However, as readers of
this blog are well aware, data has confirmed time and again that it is
young firms that grow that provide the most benefits to society in terms
of job and wealth creation and innovation. Thus, the challenge ahead
for Bolivia is to enable more growth entrepreneurs.
The past few months have brought a new series of reports dissecting the job creation phenomenon by new firms, timely at a time when so much of the economic discussion lately in the U.S. has focused on strategies to recover the roughly 8 million jobs lost during this past recession. We already knew that research has firmly established that new firms—those no more than five years old—over the past three decades have been responsible for virtually all of the net new jobs created in the U.S. economy (see 2009 reports “Jobs Created from Business Startups in the United States,” and “Where Will The Jobs Come From?”). As the nation debates this leading up to the mid-term elections in the United States, let’s further examine U.S. job growth and its relationship to startup companies.
While the global financial crisis impacted almost all new entrepreneurs, it began in developed countries and hit their entrepreneurs harder. As a result, in richer countries, new business creation dropped sharply amid the crisis. In contrast, new business registrations in many low-income countries didn't change much. These are the findings in The 2010 World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Snapshots, which presents data collected about newly registered companies in 112 countries and was released recently.
The China we knew as the enormous economy largely fueled by cheap labor and inexpensive manufacturing has changed. Though happening slowly compared to its potential, China is becoming one of the most innovative economies on the planet and the birthplace of entrepreneurs like Robin Li, CEO of Baidu, who are entrepreneurial rock stars at home and around the world. Entrepreneurial capitalism seems to be taking hold in China. How is entrepreneurship overcoming the roadblocks of a planned economy?
Last week I participated in an interesting gathering in Washington, DC of top medical and policy experts who issued a new health care manifesto that might be of interest to entrepreneurs in the space. Hosted by the Council for American Medical Innovation, FasterCures and the Kauffman Foundation, the 2010 Translational Medicine Alliance Forum (TMAF) brought together leaders from academia, government agencies, and pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and venture industries to discuss models to enable and accelerate the progress of translational medicine.
I have just returned today from a short visit to South Korea where I addressed an international conference and met with various universities both in Seoul and Daejeon Valley – described to me by locals as Korea’s Silicon Valley.
Visitors arriving at Seoul’s acclaimed airport can only be impressed by its sophisticated application of technology into everyday lives. The train I rode from Seoul to Daejoen cruised at 300 Kilometers per hour, every taxi in Seoul was clean and paid for with a back seat touchpad card reader and the urban planning seemed super smart with local government being placed in beautiful floating structures on the river and national government being moved altogether out of Seoul.
The following is a collaborative post by Jonathan Ortmans, president of the Public Forum Institute and a senior fellow at the Kauffman Foundation, and Anders Hoffman, Director of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Policy for Erhvervs- og Byggestyrelsen
Denmark is in many ways a paradoxical country. It has the world’s highest taxes and yet Danes are among the happiest people in the world according to the U.S. National Science Foundation. Denmark has generous social benefits, a large public sector and yet is quite innovative and entrepreneurial. The Global Competitiveness Report and the Index of Economic Freedom both rank Denmark 9th on their world lists, and the Legatum Prosperity Index ranks the country 6th in entrepreneurship and innovation. Denmark did not end in the top ten of these world lists by chance. What steps and policy initiatives made this possible?
Since it was launched in 2008 by the Kauffman Foundation and Enterprise
UK, more than 18,000 partner organizations joined the global movement to
shape the next generation of entrepreneurs. In its still short life,
GEW has established a solid and ongoing presence in more than 100
countries -- and counting. During the same time period, over 10 million
people around the world have participated in GEW activities and 2010
promises to boost that total to tap even more human capital and breathe
life into new startups.
While the majority of nations this year
will start Global Entrepreneurship Week on November 15th, some countries
are conducting their celebrations a week or more in advance due to an
important Muslim holiday, Eid al-Adha, falling on November 16th.
Throughout this week, when another 80 countries launch Global Entrepreneurship Week (GEW), there will be a significant number of events organized by GEW partners at universities, schools, companies, professional associations, technological centers and municipalities. Like last week’s events in Muslim countries, the activities will be diversified, ranging from thematic conferences to networking with investors and entrepreneurs, presentation of business plans, recreational events, sport events, cultural events, etc. There will be something for everyone and I encourage all to take advantage of these opportunities.
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