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Entrepreneurship Way Forward for Pakistan

Mark Marich

According to a new paper from the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, development spearheaded by entrepreneurs and startups could create a "virtuous circle" of growth and reform to overcome violence and weak governance in Pakistan and other fragile states where traditional development programs have failed.

“Entrepreneurship and the Process of Development: A Framework for Applied Expeditionary Economics in Pakistan" outlines a strategic growth model for Pakistan and other fragile states by assessing barriers to growth and examining research on the impact of entrepreneurship on developing economies. Author Robert Looney, professor of National Security Affairs at the Naval Postgraduate School, applies the Expeditionary Economics approach developed by the Kauffman Foundation, coupled with elements of Pakistan's New Growth Framework, in a prescription for accelerated, sustainable growth.

Looney highlights trade liberalization and other improvements to the nation's business climate as the most important factors in stimulating entrepreneurial growth at Pakistan's current stage of development. He explores how entrepreneurial activity could be better enabled in the short term even without major improvements in governance, paving the way for the emergence of a new stakeholder group of Pakistani entrepreneurs to initiate ongoing reforms that support sustainable growth.

The paper is the fifth in the Kauffman Foundation's Expeditionary Economics Research series, which explores the role of entrepreneurs - and how best to enable them - in the economic development of fragile states.

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